Heaven and Hell

The Bible makes clear pronouncements on both heaven and hell as distinct places.


There are three heavens. The Bible refers to the following three heavens: 1. The atmosphere around the earth, which is the habitation of the birds of heaven (Jer. 4:25; Ezek. 38:20; Hos. 2:18; Matt. 6:26, 13:32). 2. The starry heaven (Ps. 8:3; Ezek. 32:7; Matt. 24:29; Rev. 8:10). 3. The third heaven, which is the highest heaven where God is (Luke 2:14; 2 Cor. 12:2-4; Eph. 4:10).

It is the dwelling-place of the Triune God: God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit. (Deut. 26:15; Eccl. 5:2; Matt. 5:16; Luke 24:51; Acts 7:55-56; Eph. 6:9; Col. 4:1; 1 Thess. 1:10, 4:16; 2 Thess. 1:7; Heb. 8:1; 1 Pet. 1:12; 1 John 5:7).

It is also the dwelling-pace of angels. (Matt. 22:30; Luke 2:15; 22:43).

The kingdom of heaven. This kingdom rules over the entire universe, and is controlled from the throne of God, which is in heaven (Ps. 103:19; Acts 7:49). The Lord Jesus sits at the right hand of the Father (Mark 16:19; Rom. 8:34; Eph. 1:20; Col. 3:1; Heb. 1:3; 1 Pet. 3:22).

Blessings and judgement come from heaven. God provides spiritual food for His children from heaven in the form of His Son and His Word (John 6:31-35; Luke 4:4). Christians who contravene the divine principles of the Word, are sinning against heaven (Luke 15:18,21). Judgements are also poured out from heaven upon the wicked (Luke 17:29; Rom. 1:18).

Christians have a heavenly destination. Our citizenship is in heaven (Phil. 3:20) because our names are also written up there (Luke 10:20). The Lord Jesus is preparing an eternal home for us in the heavenly city, the new Jerusalem, which is in the house of His Father (John 14:2-3; Rev. 3:12; 21:1-2). That is part of our heavenly inheritance (1 Pet. 1:4) of which the beauty is indescribable (1 Cor. 2:9).

Heavenly treasures. Those who suffered tribulation on earth for the sake of Christ will be rewarded in heaven (Luke 6:22-23). They are encouraged to also use other means to ensure that they lay up treasures in heaven by supporting the work of the Lord financially and to do things that have value for eternity (Luke 12:21,33; 18:22; 2 Cor. 8:9; 9:6-7).

Joy in heaven. There is joy in heaven for every person who is saved and thus becomes a member of this divine kingdom (Luke 15:7). The saints will be full of joy when they receive their glorified resurrection bodies, which will elevate them far above the limitations of their earthly existence (2 Cor. 5:1-2; Phil. 3:21).


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